Testicular Self-Exam (TSE)
Testicular cancer most often affects men between the ages of 15
and 39. It usually shows up as a painless lump in the testicle. The
good news is that a simple monthly self-exam can help find trouble
before it gets serious. When detected early, testicular cancer is almost
Doing Your TSE
Do TSE once a month, during or after a warm shower. Spend about
3–5 minutes feeling for any lump, firm area, or change. If you do find a
problem, don’t panic. Call your doctor and make an appointment.
Check the Testicles
Hold your scrotum in the palm of your hand. Roll each
testicle gently between the thumbs and fingers of both hands. Feel for
changes in each testicle, one at a time.
Check the Epididymis
The epididymis is a raised rim-like structure responsible for
sperm storage. It runs along the top and back of each testicle and
often hurts when you press on it. Gently feel each epididymis for
changes. A spermatocele, which represents a cyst, can present as a
painless growth near the testicle. These are noncancerous.
Check the Vas
The vas deferens is a little tube that runs up from the top
of each testicle. A normal vas feels like a firm piece of cooked
spaghetti. Feel for changes in the vas about each testicle.
If you feel any abnormalities, tell your doctor right away. Along with your own TSE, see your doctor for regular checkups.
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substitute for professional medical care. Always follow your healthcare